Minnesota Schedule M1ED - K–12 Education Credit Instructions

Who is eligible?

You may be able to receive a credit if you paid certain types of education-related expenses in 2009 for qualifying children in grades kindergarten through 12 (K–12). Read the eligibility requirements on page 17 of the Form M1 instructions to determine if you qualify.

If you are eligible, complete Schedule M1ED. You may claim a credit equal to 75 percent of your actual expenses - up to the maximum amount - for which you have documentation, such as itemized cash register receipts and canceled checks.

Expenses that cannot be used for the credit may be used for the subtraction. However, you cannot use the same expenses for both. For more information about the K–12 education subtraction, see the line 7 instructions on page 10 of the M1 booklet. See page 11 of the M1 instructions for additional information on qualifying expenses.

Penalty for fraudulently claiming a refund

If you file a return that fraudulently claims a refund, you will be assessed a penalty. The penalty is 50 percent of the fraudulently claimed refund.

You must have proof

Be sure to save records (such as itemized cash register receipts and canceled checks) of all your education expenses. You may be asked to show such records if there is any question concerning your education credit.

Line instructions

Round amounts to the nearest whole dollar.

Line 1

If your federal adjusted gross income is a net loss (a negative amount), enter the negative number. Put parentheses around the number.

If you did not file a 2009 federal return, obtain a federal return and instructions to determine what your federal adjusted gross income would have been.

Line 5

Enter the total nontaxable income you received in 2009 that is not included on lines 1 through 4. Enter the type(s) of income beneath line 5.

Common examples include:

  • unemployment compensation (up to $2,400 per recipient) excluded on your federal return
  • workers’ compensation benefits
  • contributions to an employee elective deferral plan, such as a 401(k), 403(b), 457 deferred compensation or SIMPLE/SEP plan
  • contributions made to a dependent care account (as shown on your W-2 form) and/or medical expense account
  • nontaxable employee transit and parking expenses
  • veterans’ benefits
  • nontaxable scholarships, fellowships, grants for education, including those from foreign sources, and tuition waivers or reductions
  • federal subsidies paid to employers for providing prescription drug coverage for their retirees
  • nontaxable pension and annuity payments, including disability payments and IRA distributions made directly to charity. Do not include distributions received from a Roth IRA or any pension or annuity that you funded exclusively, for which your contributions could not be taken as a federal tax deduction.
  • lump-sum distribution reported on line 1 of Schedule M1LS
  • federally nontaxed interest and mutual fund dividends
  • income excluded by a tax treaty
  • rent reduction received for being a caretaker
  • military or clergy housing allowance
  • nontaxable military earned income, such as combat pay
  • strike benefits
  • employer paid education or adoption expenses
  • the gain on the sale of your home excluded from federal income

Also include on line 5 the following losses and deductions to the extent they reduced federal adjusted gross income:

  • tuition and fees, educator expenses, health savings account, Archer MSA and domestic production activities deductions
  • capital loss carryforward
  • net operating loss carryforward/carryback
  • current year passive activity losses, including rental losses, even if actively involved in real estate, in excess of current year passive activity income
  • prior year passive activity loss carryforward claimed in 2009 for federal purposes

Do not include on line 5:

  • Minnesota property tax refunds
  • child support payments
  • a dependent’s income, including Social Security
  • any state income tax refunds not included on line 1
  • the dollar value of food, clothing, food stamps and medical supplies received from government agencies
  • payments from life insurance policies
  • payments by someone else for your care by a nurse, nursing home or hospital
  • fuel assistance payments
  • IRA rollovers
  • gifts and inheritances
  • nontaxable Holocaust settlement payments
  • federal stimulus refunds

Line 6

The household income limit is based on the number of qualifying children you have in grades K–12.

If your total number of qualifying children in K-12 is:  your household income must be less than:

1 or 2 . .


3 . .


4 . .

5 . . $43,500

6 or more . .


* More than 5 children: $43,500 plus $2,000 for each additional qualifying child.

If your household income is more than the limits shown, you do not qualify for the credit. However, you may qualify for a subtraction. See the line 7 instructions on page 10 of the M1 booklet.

Line 17

The maximum credit you may claim is based on household income and the number of qualifying children you have in grades K–12. If line 6 is more than $33,500, complete the worksheet for line 17 below.

Line 19

If your Minnesota gross income is below the filing requirement and you’re filing Form M1 to claim this credit, you should have entered zero on line 23 of Schedule M1NR. However, to correctly determine this credit, you must first fully complete Schedule M1NR to determine what the amounts would have been, and then follow the worksheet for line 19 below.

Worksheet for line 17 (if line 6 is more than $33,500)

1 Multiply the number of qualifying children in grades K–12 by $1,000

2 Line 6 of Schedule M1ED . . _______
3 Income limit . . $33,500
4 Subtract step 3 from step 2 . . _______
5 Multiply step 4 by .25 if you have only one qualifying child, or .50 if two or more qualifying children . . _______
6 Subtract step 5 from step 1 (if zero or less, stop here; you don’t qualify) . _______

Enter the step 6 result on line 17.

Worksheet for line 19

1 Line 11, column B, of Schedule M1NR .

2 Line 22, column B, of Schedule M1NR . _______
3 Subtract step 2 from step 1 (if zero or less, stop here; you don’t qualify) . _______
4 Line 24 of Schedule M1NR . . _______
5 Divide step 3 by step 4 (carry to five decimal places). If step 3 is more than step 4, enter 1.0. Enter result on the space provided on line 19 of Schedule M1ED . _______
6 Multiply step 5 by line 18 of Schedule M1ED . _______

Enter the result from step 6 on line 19 of Schedule M1ED and on line 29 of Form M1.